GAIA, THE PLANETARY RELIGION: 
            THE SACRED MARRIAGE OF ART AND SCIENCE 








                    A Dissertation Presented

                              by

                       DOCTRESS NEUTOPIA







Submitted to the Graduate School of the
University of Massachusetts Amherst in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of

 DOCTOR OF EDUCATION

February 1994
School of Education
 Copyright by Doctress Neutopia 1994 
All Rights Reserved
GAIA, THE PLANETARY RELIGION:
THE SACRED MARRIAGE OF ART AND SCIENCE 




Approved as to style and content by:
                              
Robert R. Wellman, Chair                              
John W. Wideman, Member      
Robert E. Baker, Member




                                                            
                      Bailey W. Jackson, Dean 
                      School of Education 


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                          DEDICATION


                            GAIA
 
                       The World Soul:

                  Past, Present, and Future
                              

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                      ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
 
     My profound thanks to Dame Phyllis Rodin, my Crone, for
engaging me in long deep conversations about the life-force. 
I would also like to thank my committee members:  Dr. Robert
Baker for encouraging me to do a "traditional scholarly
work;"  Dr. Jack Wideman for agreeing to support my efforts
I searched for one long year for an outside member; and
especially Dr. Robert Wellman, classist, my mentor, for
chairing the committee and taking such exceptional interest
in me and my work.  Also thanks to Charles Frances Carroll
and Don McNaughton who helped edit the manuscript.  I am
also grateful to Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan, the model
mother/son, who inspired me to write this dissertation.  My
deep appreciation goes to my parents Marion and Ainslie
Hubbard who helped me break free.  Finally, thanks to all my
friends, visible and invisible, wherever you are! 
Friendship is the outgrowth of true education. 

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                               ABSTRACT
                      GAIA, THE PLANETARY RELIGION: 
                 THE SACRED MARRIAGE OF ART AND SCIENCE 
                            FEBRUARY 1994 

         DOCTRESS NEUTOPIA, B.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST
                 M.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST
                 Ed.D., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST
                     Directed by: Professor Robert Wellman 


     As the human race approaches the 21st Century, the
world's spiritual, political, social, economic, educational,
and scientific philosophies appear out of balance with the
emerging global consciousness brought forth by today's
advancing technologies.  Former President Bush's New World
Order is really the same old nation state order of
international anarchy.  All the ancient problems  
seem to have reached a critical point.  Now, a critical
idealism in education, which is a call for spiritual action,
is necessary in order to have the power to bond like-minds
to cure our ancient social diseases.  The scientific and
social movement which scientist James Lovelock named the
Gaia theory, named after the Greek Goddess of the Earth, is
on the verge of creating world-wide evolutionary change.  
My dissertation attempts to help create a Gaian philosophy
of planetary education based on love between the sexes by
analyzing the function of epic poetry. 


                     TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                        Page
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v
ABSTRACT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
CHAPTER
1.   THE PURPOSE OF EDUCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

     Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

        Background to the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
        Aim of the Study  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
        Guiding Questions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2.   A NEUTOPIAN ALTERNATIVE:  
     TRANSFORMING THE GLOBAL SHOPPING MALL. . . . . . . . 23

     Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

        The Need for a Long-term Vision . . . . . . . . . 24
        The Good City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
        Slavery to the House. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
        A New Communal Architecture.. . . . . . . . . . . 30
        Planet Metropolis.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
        Lust for Isolation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
        The Alienation of the Built Environment.. . . . . 35
        An Ecological Revolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
        The Neutopian Vision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
        A Holistic World View.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
        Where are the Social Healers?.. . . . . . . . . . 42
        Neutopia vs. the Global Corporations. . . . . . . 44
        Time for Millenarian Activity . . . . . . . . . ..45
        The Role of the Prophetess/Prophet. . . . . . . . 49
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
 
3.   NEUTOPIA:  A FEMINIST THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE.. . . . 54

     Introduction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

        The Division of Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
        Making History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
        Creating a Balanced System of Child-Rearing . . . 65
        The Wall Around Paradise. . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
        Ancient Totalitarianism:  Chinese Architecture. . 68
        The Industrial Revolution and the Home. . . . . . 72
        The Connection-Separation Question. . . . . . . . 75
        Women and the Architectural Profession. . . . . . 79
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

4.   ARCHITECTURAL ARCHETYPES.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

     Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

        Our Earliest Dwellings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
        The Primitive Hut.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
        The Trap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
        The Structures of Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
        The Goddess Civilization. . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
        The First Temples.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
        Archetypal Theory.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
        Megalithic Architecture.. . . . . . . . . . . . .105
        The Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114

5.   THE FAILURE OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
     AND THE VISION OF ECOCITIES. . . . . . . . . . . . .116

     Introduction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116

        The Rule of Symmetry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116
        Slaves to Market Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
        Visions of Ecocities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
        Intelligent Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . .132
        The Need for a Lovolution . . . . . . . . . . . .133
        World of Arcologies.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .136
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140

6.   HOW CHILDREN VISUALIZE HOME:
     A STUDY OF AN ARCHETYPE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142

     Introduction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142

        The American Dream. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142
        Universal Patterns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147
        The Image of Home.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .149
        The Changing Laws of Art. . . . . . . . . . . . .153
        Drawing Development.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
        Logos and Mythos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
        Mythos and Love . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
        The Origins of Art. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
        Primitive and Modern Artists. . . . . . . . . . .166
        The Collective Wisdom.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177

7.   THE FUNCTION OF EVOLUTIONARY LOVE. . . . . . . . . .178

     Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178

        The Ways of Aphrodite and Eros. . . . . . . . . .180
        A World of Juno and Genius. . . . . . . . . . . .185
        The Metaphysics of Sex. . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
        Poetry as Leader. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191
        The One World Mind. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198


8.   THE VIRGIN MOTHER AND THE DIVINE CRONE . . . . . . .199

     Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199
     
        Breaking the Incest Barrier . . . . . . . . . . .199
        The Divine Role of the Crone. . . . . . . . . . .201
        The Relationship Between the Hera and the Hero. .203
        Returning to the Garden . . . . . . . . . . . . .209
        Men's Part in Reproduction. . . . . . . . . . . .210
        Mother Mary and Mary Magdalene. . . . . . . . . .213
        The Secret Sexual Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . .217
        Christian Clones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
        The Brain Cells of Gaia . . . . . . . . . . . . .222
        Power of Ideas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .225
        Gaia is the Supreme Being(s). . . . . . . . . . .229
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232

9.   WORLD-ARRANGING BEAUTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234

     Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234

        The Organic World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234
        The Steady-State Vs 
        The Ever-Growing Model of Development . . . . . .238
        Will We Have a Metamorphosis? . . . . . . . . . .241
        A Call for a Love Magician. . . . . . . . . . . .248
        A Royal Marriage of True Minds. . . . . . . . . .250
        The Position of the Philosopheress/Philosopher. .254
        The End of History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .256
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .260

10.  THE INFORMATION LOVOLUTION . . . . . . . . . . . . .262

     Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262

        The Oral Defense. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
        The Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . .265
        The Global Network Academy. . . . . . . . . . . .270
        The Architectural Plan of UU-GNA. . . . . . . . .275
        The Suppressive Regime of UU-GNA. . . . . . . . .277
        An Alternative:  Neutopian Transversity . . . . .279
        Student-Teacher Relationship. . . . . . . . . . .281
        The Mission of Neutopian Transversity . . . . . .282
        The Neutopian Administration. . . . . . . . . . .286
        Architectural Plan of the Neutopian Transversity.287
        The Neutopian Rituals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290
        Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290

BIBLIOGRAPHY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292