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THE MIDDLE EASTERN PANTHEONS
AAH: The Moon God. I notice that the moon is male here just as it is in Sumer and Babylon. Aah is egyptian for Moon.
AMON-RE: This is Re as the "Invisible God". He seems to be all of the Egptian Gods combined into one unified god-head, and was not outwardly worshipped. It simply shows that the Egyptians knew that All was part of one underlying Unity.
AMMUT: The Eater of the Dead. This is the monster that sits within the judgment chamber and devoures those who do not pass the trial. He has the head of a crocodile, the forebody of a leapord, and the hindquarters of a hippopotamus.
ANUBIS: This jackle-headed god is the one who comes to you at death and guides you through the darkness to the judgment chamber. Messenger of the gods. Son of Osiris and Nephthys. Guardian of the tombs.
ANUKIS: Wife of Khnum.
APIS BULL, THE: God of lust and desire for life.
APOPHIS (ZET): This myth is not really a creation myth, but the energies it involves are the same. It resembles the stories of Lotan, Zu, Asag, and Leviathan. Actually, it is the idea of the day (Re) defeating the night (Typhon). It is also the new year defeating the old. In either case, it is an "Order from Chaos" type story. Typhon is a serpent god who is an enemy of Re. Re sends the gods to slay him. They are, of course, successful. In one version of the myth, Seth himsself is the one to kill Apophis each day (which is strange as Seth and Apophis seem to be the same basic god-form: see Seth).
AROUERIS (Horus the Elder): See Horus the Elder.
ATEN (Amon-Re-Harakhti): This God was worshipped by Akhenaten as the "One True God". He had only a brief worship; Akhenaten was not liked for his break from the Atum-Re (see below) cult. However, it would seem that Moses was affected by Akhenaten's ideas as he (Moses) studied the Egyptian mysteries. It seems Aten is the forerunner of Yahweh. Aten is Egyptian for Sun.
ATUM-RE: This is Re as he emerged out of the Nun (Primordial Sea), appointed the Ogdoad (see below) to their proper places in the Heavens, and single-handedly created all in existance. Also, Re is told to have seperated the lovers Geb and Nuit from their lovemaking, setting Nuit as the Sky and Geb as the Earth.
AURAMOOUTH: Daughter of Nuit. Sky-goddess of Water.
BAST: A cat Goddess, and a cat-headed deity. Goddess of occultism and magick.
GEB: This is the Earth God, with Nuit as the Sky Goddess. Thier union brought forth Isis and Osiris, Seth and Nephthys, and Horus the Elder.
HAPI: God of the Nile, and a protection deity of the North, and the small viscerae of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Mestha, Tuamautef, and Qubhsennuf).
HATHOR: This Goddess is a Love/War (Passion) Goddess. She is the Eye of Re (i.e the Sun itself) whome, when angry, even the Gods fear. She can take the form of a Cow or Cat. She also comes to new-born children, in the form of Seven Women, to tell them their destinies.
HORUS THE ELDER (Aroueris): Son of Geb and Nuit, He is a Cosmic Being who's right eye is the Sun and who's left eye is the Moon. If Seth was origonally the New Moon (see Seth), then the story of Seth removing Horus' eye may well be a story of a solar eclipse.
HORUS THE YOUNGER (Heru): The hawk-headed god is the son of Isis and the newly resurected Osiris. He removed Seth from the Throne of Egypt and ruled as successor to his father. He is also the one who leads the soul before Osiris upon passing the Weighing of the Heart. In the battle against Seth, Horus lost an eye and later regained it. This gives us the symbol of the Eye of Horus (see Horus the Elder).
HU: He and his partner Sia are two aspects of the Creative Power of the Gods.
ISIS (Au-Seth): Wife/sister of Osiris. Goddess of Magick and Healing. She is also much like Ishtar/Innana. (See Osiris). The Egyptian Goddess-force.
KHNUM: Lord of barley and wheat, fruit and flowers, birds, fish, and all animals. Created Man on a potters wheel. He lives on the first mound of Earth that rose from the Nun, where the Source of the Nile lies, in a Temple called "Joy of Life". It is He who opens the flood-gates each year.
KHONSU: Son of Amon and Mut.
MAAT: Goddess of Truth and Justice. Wife of Thoth. She existed before the birth of the gods. (See Hokhmah of the Hebrews). Her symbol is the feather that can be seen on the Judgment Scale.
MESTHA: A god of Protection of the South, and the stomach and large intestines of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Hapi, Tuamautef, and Qebhsennuf).
MIN: A fertility God.
MUT: Amon's wife. Keep in mind that Amon was fused with Re, and was not the same Deity to begin with.
NEITH: Sky goddess of War and Fire.
NEKHBET: Symbolised as a Vulture. Guardian of Upper Egypt (See Ua-Zit).
NEPHTHYS: Goddess of women. Wife of Seth, and Dark Twin of Isis (with Isis as the full moon, this makes Nephthys the New Moon). Sister of Osiris. She is also the mother of Anubis.
NUIT: Goddes of Sky and sister/wife of Geb. (See Geb).
NUN: Nun is listed with the Ogdoad. However, I wish to single him out here as it is from him the name of the Primordial Waters was taken. He is the oldest of the Gods.
OGDOAD, THE: This myth is from the mythos where Atum-Re is the Creator God. There were eight Ogdoad, four frogs and four snakes, who were the Primordial Waters- the Nun. Atum-Re arose from the Nun, and appointed the Ogdoad to their proper places in the Heavens (thus, brought order from chaos). Their names are: Nun and his consort Naunet, Kuk and Kuaket, Huh and Huahet, and Amon and Amaunet.
OSIRIS (Au-Saur): Osiris was eventually merged with Re and seems to be nearly the same deity in many aspects (forming a kind of Divine Loop). He is a God Force with Isis as his Goddess Force. Osiris was probably origonally a fertility god (like Tammuz), but was elevated when associated with Re. Mythologically, he was origonally a Pharoah who brough civilzation to the people. He is the Egyptian God-force. As the lord of the Underworld, he is Khent-Amenti. (His real name is Au Sar: "exceeding king").
PTAH: This god is a parallel myth to the Atum-Re mythos (see above). Ptah is equated with the Nun (the Egyptian Primordial Waters). In this mythos, Ptah creates Atum-Re and all the other gods, as well as all in existance. Also, patron god of Architechs.
QEBHSENNUF: A god of Protection of the West, and the liver and gall-bladder of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Mestha, Hapi, and Tuamautef).
RE: This is the falcon-headed sun god who is born each morning, grows old by the end of the day, and enters the land of the dead each night. He is Khephira in the morning, Re at midday, and Atum at night.
SATIS: Daughter of Khnum.
SHU: The god of Air and the husband/brother of Tephnuit. Atum-Re fertilized himself and brought this god, and his wife into existance. Shu and Tephnuit's union brought forth Geb and Nuit, the Earth and Sky. Shu was placed, by Re, between Geb and Nuit and he acts as a support to Nuit herself.
SIA: His name means "mind" or "thought". He is most often paired with Hu, and together they are two aspects of the Creative Power of the Gods.
SELKIS: Scorpion Goddess.
SETH: This is the brother of Osiris who destroyed him and dismembered his body in order to take his throne. He is the Dark Serpent aspect of the God. God of drought and storm, Lord of the Red Land (the desert). In Sanscrit the word "sat" means to destroy by hewing into pieces. In the myth of Osiris...it was Seth who killed Osiris and cut his body into fourteen pieces. But it may be significant that the word "set" is also defined as "queen" or "princess" in Egyptian. Au Set, known as Isis by the Greeks, is defined as "exceeding queen". In the myth of the combat Seth tries to mate sexually with Horus; this is usually interpreted as being an insult. But the most primitive identity of the figure Seth, who is also closely related to the serpent of darkness known as Zet, and often refered to by classical Greek writers as Typhon, the serpent of the goddess Gaia, may once have been female, or in some way symbolic of the Goddess religion, perhaps related to the Goddess Ua Zit, "Great Serpent", the cobra Goddess of Neolithic times. Lastly, there is a theory that is pure speculation on Seth's battle with Horus. First, we look at Horus as a Solar Deity. Then, we look at Isis as being the Full Moon (as she is the Goddess of Magick). Next, if we consider that Seth was origonally female, then it is easy (or just convenient) to assign him/her to the new moon. Put these together, and the story of Seth attempting to mate with Horus, and then taking his eye, may very well be a story of a solar eclipse (see Horus the Elder).
SOTHIS: Goddess of the dog-star, and of initiation. Isis.
TEPHNUIT: The Goddess of Moisture, wife/sister of Shu. (See Shu).
THOTH: This ibis-headed god is the Scribe of the Gods and the God of Wisdom. He is the Logos, the Word of Re. He was Self-Created before the Creation. Husband of Maat.
TUAMAUTEF: A god of Protection of the East, and the heart and lungs of the deceased. Son of Horus (see Mestha, Hapi, and Qebhsennuf).
TUM: It is also a name of Re, usually seen as Atum.
UA ZIT: "Great Serpent" Cobra Goddess, guardian of Lower Egypt (see Nekhbet). (Also see Seth for an interesting note).
ZET: See Apophis.
AKLM: Creatures who attacked Baal in the desert. Some say these creatures are grasshopper-like.
ANATH: This was a Love and War Goddess, the Venus star. She is also known for slaying the enimies of her brother Baal much in the same way Hathor slaughtered much of mankind (Anath is heavily related to Hathor). After the Defeat of Mavet and Yam, a feast was thrown for Baal. Anath locked everyone inside, and proceeded to slay everyone (as they had all been fickle toward Baal with both Mavet and Yam, as well as Ashtar). Baal stopped her and conveinced her that a reign of peace is what was needed. She also has confronted Mavet and was responsible for Baal's liberation from the underworld. She is the twin sister of Marah. Daughter of Asherah. She is also known as Rahmay- "The Merciful", and as Astarte. Astarte is the Canaanite Name of Ishtar; just as Ishtar is the Babylonian Name of Inanna. In all cases the Name means, simply, "Goddess" or "She of the Womb".
ARSAY: She of the Earth. Daughter of Baal. An underworld Goddess.
ASHERAH: The Mother of the Gods, Qodesh (just like El), Queen of Heaven. She is a goddess of Love and, as Astarte, a War Goddess. She is also an Earth Goddess. Wife of El. (see El). When the gods decided to entreat Yam to ease his reign of tyranny, it was Asherah who went to him and even offered herself. The gods agreed to let her do this, except for Baal who was enraged at the idea. (See Baal). Asherah is said to have given birth to seventy gods.
ASHTAR: Possibly a male version of Ishtar (Astarte in Canaan), the Venus Star. When Baal was killed by Mavet, Asherah had Ashtar, her son, placed on the throne. However, Ashtar was not big enough to fill the position, and resigned. I believe one of his titles is Malik (the King) and other names for him are Abimilki and Milkilu.
ASTARTE: A Name of Anath which means "Goddess", or literally "She of the Womb". Astarte is simply the Canaanite version of the Name Ishtar.
ATIK: The Calf of El. Enemy of Baal slain by Anath.
BAAL: He is the Canaanite Ruler God (like Marduk). Baal and Yam-Nahar origonally competed for kingship of the gods. The matter was brought before El, who decided in favour of Yam. Yam then proceeded with a reign of tyranny over the gods, and none of them felt they had the power to defeat Yam. So, they sent Asherah to entreat him to lossen his grip. Asherah even offered herself to Yam. Upon hearing this, Baal was enraged, and decided to defeat Yam. Yam got wind of Baal's plan and sent messengers to El with the demand that Baal be delivered to him. El, afraid, agreed. Baal then taunted the gods for their cowardice and went to face Yam. He had two weapons made, Yagrush (chaser) and Aymur (driver). He struck Yam on the chest with Yagrush to no avail. Then he struck him on the forehead with Aymur and fell Yam to the earth. After Yam's defeat, Baal had a palace built for himself; closely resembeling the story of Marduk. It also resembles Marduk's story in that the Primeval Waters threatened the gods, and the High God and others were afraid to face them, with the exception of the soon-to-be Ruler God. The Baal epic then continues to describe his fight against Mavet. Baal is also a Storm God like Marduk, and a fertility god like Tammuz. Dagon is his father. Baal is the Canaanite God-force (the goddess force seems to be split between Anath and Asherah). Baal's proper name is Hadad, relating to his storm-god aspect. Baal is really a title, meaning "Lord". Baal's residence is upon Mt. Zaphon. He is known as Rapiu (Shade) during his summer stay in the underworld.
BAALAT: Patron Goddess of Gubla. Fertility Goddess associated with Hathor and Isis.
DAGON: A vegitation God (especially corn). Father of Baal.
EL: The Father of the Gods, the Creator of Created Things, The Kindly, Kodesh. Asherah is his wife. When he was young, El went out upon the sea, and there met Asherah and Her companion Rohmaya. He then roasted a bird and asked them if They would be His wives or daughters. They chose to be His wives. El mates with these Goddesses and Shachar and Shalim (Dawn and Dusk) are born. This family then builds a sanctuary and lives in the desert for eight years. This episode may be the closest we have to a Creation story involving El. El wears bull horns upon his helmet, and He is a grey haired and bearded patriarch. He resides at "the Source of Two Rivers" upon Mt. Lel.
ELSH: Steward of El and Baal's house. His wife is the steward of the Goddesses.
ESHMUN: God of healing. A great God of Sidon.
GAPEN: A messenger of Baal. His name either means Vine or Field. Probably the former.
HADAD: See Baal.
HELEL: Or Lucifer. The Light Bringer, the Morning Star. Son of Shachar.
HIRIBI: God of Summer.
HIRGAB: Father of Eagles. Husband(?) of S,umul.
HAURON: A God that is related to Ninurta of Mesopotamia and Horus of Egypt.
ITHM: God of sheep.
ISHAT: "Fire". The Bitch of the Gods. Enemy of Baal slain by Anath.
KOSHAROTH, THE: The Wise Goddesses. These may be somewhat along the lines of the Greek Graces, or the Seven Hathors of Egypt. As we see them, they are called to set up a Wedding. They are also sometimes symbolized as sparrows or swallows, which indicated fertility. They were Goddesses of childbirth. They are also known as the Daughters of the Cresent Moon, and thus are the daughers of Yarikh.
KOSHAR U KHASIS: "Skillfull and Clever". Craftsman of the Gods. Also known as Chousor and Heyan (Ea) and identified with Ptah. Built the palaces of both Yam-Nahir and Baal. He also fashioned the two clubs that Baal used to defeat Yam.
KOSHARTU: Wife of Koshar.
LEVIATHAN: Another Name for Lotan or Tannin. See Lotan.
LOTAN: This may be another story like Apophis, Zu, Asag, and Leviathan where it is not an actual creation story, but still involves the same energies, with Baal and Lotan fighting for supremecy (Lotan and Yam Nahar may be one and the same). It is representative of rough winter sea-storms which calmed in the spring and which were preceded and accompanied by autumn rains (represented by Baal) which ended summer droughts and enabled crops to grow. Lotan is a seven headed serpent defeated by Baal with the help of Mavet. Anath also claims a role in the defeat of the Serpent. Also known as Tannin or Leviathan.
MARAH: Merciful Goddess of the Waters. Twin sister of Anath. Daughter of Asherah.
MAVET: God of Death and Sterility. His name means Death. In one hand he holds the scepter of bereavement, and in the other the scepter of widowhooed. His jaws and throat are described in cosmic proportions and serve as a euphamism for death. A son of El. After Baal defeated Yam, he then sent a message to Mavet demanding that he keep his domain in the underworld city of Miry where he belonged. Mavet was enraged by this and sent a threatening message to Baal, who was afraid and attempted to flatter his way out of it. This, however, was to no avail and Baal was forced to face Mavet. Mavet defeated him and held him in the underworld until Anath tracked him (Mavet) down and defeated him herself. Mavet did not actually die, as he and Baal had to face off once more seven years later. Neither defeated the other, but Mavet did give in (at the command of Shapash) and proclaimed Baal the King of the Gods.
MELQART: King of the City, the Hunter, Fire of Heaven. Patron god of Tyre, he was the god of the Metropolis and the monarchy at Tyre and Carthage. May have been a dying and rising vegetation god, and associated with the sacred marriage like the Sumerian Dumuzi. He was ritually immolated in an annual festival. He was also a god of the sea and was pictured mounted on a hippocampus.
NIKKAL: Consort of Yarikh. (S = Ningal). Goddess of the fruits of the Earth. Daughter of Hiribi.
PIDRAY: Girl of Light. A daughter or consort of Baal.
QADISH-U-AMRAR: The two messengers of Asherah fused into one God. He dredges up provisions to entertain her guests from the sea with a net.
RAHMAYA: A goddess impregnated, along with Asherah, by El. The Goddesses then gave birth to the twin gods Shahar and Shalem, though I don't know who gave birth to whom.
RADMANU: Or Pradmanu. A minor servitor of Baal.
REPHAIM, THE: "Shades". Underworld Deities. They move in chariots, on horseback, and upon wild asses.
RESHEPH: Probably a War God. Lord of the Arrow. Has gazel horns on his helmet. He destroys men in mass by war and plague. He is the porter of the sun Goddess Shepesh (this seems to resemble Khamael of the Hebrews). He is also called Mekal (Annialator), and could be related to the Hebrew Michael (Mikal) who is also a War God (ArchAngel). Related to Nergal of Mesopotamia.
SHACHAR: "Dawn". God of dawn. Either a son of Asherah, or of Rohmaya. According to Isaiah 14:12, He is the father of Helel (or Lucifer) the Light-Bringer and Morning Star.
SHALEM: "Dusk". God of sunset. The Contemplation of Day. Either a son of Asherah, or of Rohmaya.
SHAMU: Sky God who was the chief of the pantheon at the Syrian city of Alalakh.
SHAPASH: Sun Goddess. The Torch of the Gods.
SHATAQAT: "Drives away". Demoness sent by El to drive away Keret's (a Canaanite Mythic hero) disease.
SHEGER: "Offspring of Cattle". God of Cattle.
SIN: Moon God.
S,UMUL: Mother of the Eagles. She ate the body of Aqhat (a hero in a Canaanite Myth).
TALLAY: Girl of Rain. A daughter or consort of Baal.
TANNIN: Another Name for Leviathan or Lotan. See Lotan.
TANIT: Lady of Carthage. Face of Baal (Hammon, not Hadad).
UGAR: A messenger of Baal. His name either means Vine or Field, probably the latter. He may be the Patron God of Ugarit.
YAHWEH: Yahweh is added here because there was a short time in which He was simply part of the Canaanite pantheon. When the Khabiru moved into Israel, their young Volcano God, known as Yahweh (or "Everflowing"), was accepted as a Son of El; and he joined the court of El as cupbearer along with Baal. Later, Yahweh was equated with El, and Asherah became His wife. H.
YAM-NAHAR: Yam-Nahar is the Primordial Waters that were defeated by Baal (see Baal and Asherah). His name means Sea-River. He was originally given kingship by El, and ruled as a tyrant over the Gods. Baal finally rose up against him. He may also be Lotan.
YARIKH: Moon God. Illuminator of myriads of stars. Lamp of Heaven. Lord of the Sickle (the cresent moon?), and therefore father of the Kosharoth. Patron God of Qart-Abilim.
YBRDMY: Daugher of Baal.
YELLOW ONES OF MAVET: Mavet's henchmen who are slain by Baal upon his ressurection from defeat at Mavet's hands.
ZABIB: "Flies". Enemy of Baal, slain by Anath. There's an obvious relation between this Demon and and Baal Zabib (Beelzebub- Lord of the Flies).
Babylonian: "S" indicates a parallel in Sumer.
ADAD: A storm, or weather, god. (See Hadad of Canaan).
ADAR: See Ninib
ANSHAR: "Whole Heaven" He and his wife, Kishar, are the children of Lamu and Lahamu. They are said to be the circular Horizons of the sky and earth. Their union brought forth Ea and Anu. (See Kishar)
ANU: This was the Sky God. S=An
ANUNNAKI, THE: The 50 great gods who deside the destiny of man. S.
ANZU: Deamon who stole the Tablets of Destiny. See Ninurta.
APSU: Tiamat's first husband, symbolising the Sweet Waters (rivers). Origonally, he and Tiamat (The Salt Waters of the Sea) were intermingled as one, until he was killed by Ea for plotting against the younger gods.
ASUSHUNAMIR: Sexless creature created by Ea to descend into the Underworld and charm Ereshkigal into reviving Ishtar with the Waters of Life. He is Successful. S= Kurgarru, and Kalaturru.
EA (Ia): The Babylonian god of Wisdom and Magick, as well as Earth and Water. Also called Nudimmud. Also called Enki. Father of Marduk. Atfter he killed Apsu, he built his palace in the Sweet Waters, and called it Apsu. S=Enki (only he was a ruler god and Water God. Ki was the Earth Goddess). In Babylon, Ea replaces the works of Enlil. H= Yah.
ENLIL: Lord Wind or Lord Air, a storm God. God of Air. S.
ENKI: See Ea.
ERESHKIGAL: Queen of the Underworld. S.
ERRA: Also called Nergal. A god of pestilence and war. Husband of Ereshkigal and King of the Underworld. See Nergal.
GAD: A god of luck and fortune related to the sign of Aries. (There most definately must be link between this god and the Hebrew tribe of Gad, also related to Aries).
GIBIL: A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick. (See Gira and Nusku)
GIRA: A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick. (See Gibil and Nusku)
ISHTAR: Wife of Tammuz, Queen of Heavaen. (see Tammuz). She is a Goddess of Love and War. The Venus Star. The Babylonian Goddess-force. S= Inanna.
KI: Earth Goddess, sister/wife of An. Later, mother/wife of Enlil. S.
KISHAR: "Whole Earth" Wife/sister of Anshar. (See Anshar).
LAMU: He and his wife Lahamu are said to be the silt created by the junction of the primeval Waters, the rivers and sea. They are the Children of Apsu and Tiamat. (see Lahamu).
LAHAMU: Wife/sister of Lamu. (See Lamu).
LAMASHTU: Demoness who steals babies from their mothers. A probable source for much of the Hebrew Lilith.
MARDUK: Also known as Bel (The Lord). The son of Ea who defeated Tiamat (because the other gods were afraid to face her), thus destroying Chaos and reigning in Order. He was appointed High God because of this, and he took the Tablets of Destiny from Qingu. He is the Hero of the Gods, and also a storm deity. The story of Marduk is very similar to Baal. Marduk had no real place among the gods until he agreed to defeat Tiamat. Baal, likewise, had no place among the gods until he defeated Yam, and then he had a palace built for himself. S=Nunurta (not a direct relation, but this is probably where Marduk came from). Marduk and his son, Nabu, are, in part, solar deities much like Osiris and Seth. For an explanation, see Nabu. Marduk is related to Jupiter, therefore making him a Wandering God.
MUMMU: This is Apsu's vizier, who was captured by Ea. He symbolised mist and fog. This also happens to be a Name of Marduk.
NABU: Son of Marduk. God of Scribal Art and Wisdom. Marduk is the Lord of the Waxing Year, and his son is the Lord of the Waning Year. I don't know of any mythology dealing with a defeat of Marduk, especially by Nabu. However, there is a ritual involving both of them that embodies the Solar Cycle. At Midsummer (Litha), two minor Goddesses (otherwise known as th hairdressers of Marduk's wife, Sarpanitum[?] ) would go in solomn procession from the Temple of Marduk (The Dayhouse) to the Temple of Nabu (The Nighthouse). At Midwinter (Yule), the two Goddesses would return to the Dayhouse. He is associated with Mercury and is said to be the god of Science, and the guardian of the gods. He supposedly appears as an old man, long of beard, with a crown of one hundred horns, and a long robe. He is one of the Wandering Gods.
NAMTAR: Ereshkigal's Messenger. Fate. In charge of 60 diseases he can set loose on mankind. S= Neti?
NERGAL: King of the Underwold. God of Pestilence. God of War. Nergal refused to bow down before a vizzier of Ereshkigal when he appeared to accept a gift of food from Anu, who was hosting a banquet for the gods (Ereshkigal could not come into Heaven to join them). For Nergal's disrespect, Ereshkigal demanded he be delivered to her to be killed. Ultimately, he slaughtered his way into the Underworld and laughed at reshkigal and her wish to kill him. Anu also gave him command of the Sebitti to accomplish this. He dragged her from her throne and was going to kill her, but she caused him to fall in love with her and he married her instead. He is a god of War and related to Mars as one of the Wandering Gods. S.
NINGIZZIDA: Along with Tammuz, a guard of the gate to Heaven.
NINIB: Also called Adar. He was related to Saturn, and was a god of hunters and of strength; therefore, making him a Wandering God. He represents the dormant seed, that is the potential life, within Saturn; rather than the destructive force of Saturn. However, He does partake somewhat of the destructive forces as He is Lord of the Hunt...that which must die that others may live.
NINURTA: Somehow became Ereshkigal's husband and, therefore a King of the Underworld. He seems to be a Persian version of Nergal. See Nergal above. Also, he rescued the Tablets of Destiny from the deamon Anzu, who had stolen them. S
NUSKU: A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick. (See Bibil and Gira). A god of light.
QINGU: Tiamat's son and second husband, who roused her into an attack on Ea. She gave him the Tablets of Destiny, and set him as the leader of the "demonic" army she had borne for the purpose of attacking Ea and the other Gods to avenge the death of Apsu. After Marduk won the battle, he enslaved the rebel gods for a time, until he finally took pity on their cries of burden. He asked them who their leader had been, so that he may suffer in their place. The gods readily handed Kingu over to Marduk. Kingu was slain, and his blood was used by ?????? to make man. Man was then used to work where the enslaved gods were set free.
SARPANITUM: Marduk's consort.
SHAMASH: Sun God and God of Justice. S=Utu. H=Shemesh (there is no difference between this and Shamash. I use this different spelling to differentiate between the two gods..who are really the same one anyway.)
SIN: Moon God. Born of Enlil and Ninlil. S=Nanna.
TAMMUZ: The Babylonian God-force. Tammuz is a fertility God (see Ishtar). He also seems to be a guard of the gate to Heaven, along with Ningizzida. S=Dumuzi.
TIAMAT: This is the main goddess of the Primordial Waters, the origonal holder of the Tablets of Destiny, and she symbolised the Salt waters of the Persian Gulf. She was defeated by Marduk. Note: Tiamat, as a god-form, does still exist. She can be likened to the Abyss itself (like Asag of Summeria). She is the universe's wish to return to Chaos.
ZU: This story paralells those of Lotan, Typhon, Asag, and Leviathan. In this, Zu is a bird-man who, for some reason, opposes the gods. I have seen one source suggest that he is related to Tiamat's daemonic off-spring. In his story, he steals the Tablets of Destiny from Enlil (how Enlil had them, rather than Marduk, I do not know) and flown away to his mountain. Several gods are called to retreave them, and all decline the task. Finally, the human Lugalbanda, father of Gilgamesh, takes the task and slays Zu. Interestingly, there is a hymn that speaks of Marduk as "the god who crushed the skull of Zu". Also, in the Babylonian New Year Festival, there is a foot-race that is said to represent the conquest of Zu by Ninurta (who is the Sumerian God who was probably the model for Marduk).
ABU: King of plants (see the Eight children of Ki).
AN: An was the Sky or Heaven God. He and his wife Ki are the children of Nammu. An is the creator of the Anunnaki.
ANUNNAKI, THE: These are the gods created by An, and appointed their positions by Enki. Possibly they are children of An and Ki. There are also the Seven Anunnaki who are the dreaded judges of the underworld. I believe there are supposed to be 50 of them in all. The Anunnaki, and some others who may or may not be Anunnaki, are marked with an "A". A question mark, or course, indicates questionable choices.
ASAG (KUR): Dragon of the Abyss (or Abzu). Daemon of Disease. Asag was not seperated like Tiamat. Instead, he lived within the Abyss *after* creation and held back the Primordial Waters from consuming the Earth. At one point, he kidnapped Ereshkigal, and Enlil went to rescue her. The outcome of the battle is not known. However, we do know that Enlil is the Lord of the Waters, and that he built his home on the Sea. On the other hand, Ereshkigal herself, to this day, is the Queen of the Underworld, as if she remained there. In any case, Asag was not killed for, later, another god decided to destroy him for reasons unknown. This was Ninurta (possibly a model for Marduk). (See Ninurta). The story of Ninurta and Asag seem to parallel the myths of Typhon, Lotan, Zu, and Leviathan. Note: Asag can be thought of as the Abyss itself. Kur is the name of the Underworld, as well as a name for this Serpent. Perhaps he is also an Anunnaki, but I doubt it.
ASHNAN: The grain goddess. She was created (along with Lahar) by Enlil and Enki so that the Anunnunki would have food to eat and cloths to wear. However, the two gods became drunk and could not perform their duties: it was to remedy this that Man was created. (See Lahar).
BAU: Wife of NInurta (or Ningirsu).
DAZIMUA: Married Ningishzida (see the Eight children of Ki).
DUMUZI: The Sumerian God-force. A sheperd god and fertility god. Husband of Inanna. (see Inanna). It seems he is an Anunnaki.
EIGHT CHILDREN OF KI, THE: (See Abu, Nintul, Ninsutu, Ninkasi, Nazi, Dazimua, Ninti, Enshagag.) The Goddess Uttu, in the paradise of Dilmun, had born 8 plants from her union with Enki. He then proceeded to eat them all. Ki cursed him for this and he became ill. He convinced her to remove her curse, and she created these eight gods of healing, one for each pain he was having, to cure him. There is a punning relation between the names of the gods and the names of the body parts they healed.
EMESH: Summer. He and his brother Enten were created by Enlil. (See Enten).
ENBILULU: God in charge of the Tigris and Euphrates.
ENKI: This was the Water God, and also a lesser ruler under Enlil. It seems Enlil created the world, and Enki was left to run it. Enlil simply resided in his palace and issued blessings. Enki, with Ki, created Man. He is also a God of Wisdom. Also, Enki is just a title. His name is Ea. It is not sure whoes son he is. Also, there was one point when he became jealous of Enlil's superiority over him ,so he took it out on man through the "confusion of tounges".
ENKIMDU: God in charge of farm tools. He was origonally favoured by Inanna for a husband. However, Dumuzi threatened him, and he gave Inanna up.
ENLIL: This was the Air God, and the supreme ruler and creator, son of An and Ki. See Enki. Enlil also took Ki as his wife. God of wisdom and magick. His name means Lord of the Winds, so he is also a Storm God.
ENSHAGAG: Lord of the Paradise City of Dilmun (see the eight children of Ki).
ENTEN: Winter. He and his brother Emesh were created by Enlil so that the Earth could produce food, animals, etc... (See Emesh).
ERESHKIGAL: Queen of the underworld (Kur), of death, and enemy of Inanna. All underwold deities are called Chthonic Deities. She is said to be the sister of Inanna, making her the daughter of Nanna. She is defineitly not one of the Seven Chthonic Anunnaki, yet she is still an Anunnaki. Most likely she is the Destructive Forces of Saturn as Inanna is Venus.
GALAS, THE: The demons of the underworld.
GESHTINANNA: Dumuzi's sister. Divine poetress, singer, and interpreter of dreams.
GILGAMESH: A human hero who was later deified. As a psudo-god, he resides in the underworld and organizes it, sending souls to their proper places. He was origonally a Priest-King.
GUGALANNA: This god is mentioned in the myth of the Descent of Inanna. When Neti asks why she has come, Inanna says something about Lord Gugalnna, the husband of Ereshkigal. The text reads: "My older sister, Ereshkigal, Because her husband, the Lord Gugalanna, had been killed to witness the funeral rites ... so be it!"
HAIA: Nidaba's or Nanshe's husband.
IGIGI, THE: It seems that these were very early deities who guide and control every aspect of nature. Either they were not given much promenance later, or they simply were never given much attention. Chances are that these are Angels were the gods are Archangels.
INANNA: The Summerian Goddess-force. Inanna is the daughter of the moon, sister of the sun, and the planet Venus. She was a War Goddess and a Love Goddess. (see Dumuzi). Note on the myth of her descent: the myth of Enlil and Ninlil's descent into the underwold may combined to Inanna's descent. If it is, then we have a full story of the cycle of the god and goddess' descent.
ISHKUR: God in charge of rain and winds
ISIMUD: Messenger of Enki. Has two faces.
KALATURRU: Sexless created created by Enki and given the Food and Water of Life to revive Inanna in the underworld. He was created with another like it: Kurgarru. (see Kurgarru).
KI: She is the Earth Goddess. Also known as Ninhursag, Nintu, or Ninma. First, she was the wife/sister of An. After she was seperated from him by their son Enlil..."An carried off Heaven, and Enlil carried off Earth. In this she became the mother/wife of Enlil.
KULLA: God in charge of building tools and bricks.
KUR: The Underworld. (See Asag).
KURGARRU: Sexless creature created by Enki and given the Food and Water of Life to revive Innana in the underworld. He was created with another like it: Kalaturru. (see Kalaturru).
LAHAR: The Cattle God. He and Ashnan were created (by Enlil and Enki) so the Anunnaki would have food to eat and clothes to wear. (See Ashnan).
LILI: Plural: Lilitu. The Lilitu were a minor class of demons- the name may mean nothing more than "spirits". The Ardat Lili (Ardat is a word describing a girl of marrying age) may have been a succubus. It is generally believed that Lilith was amoung this group of deamons, and some sources name Her in a story where she made her home in the trunk of Inanna's Sacred Tree. However, today it seems that the "Lilith" demon in the story is nothing of the sort- if she is even an Ardat Lili at all. In fact, Lilith does not appear in Sumeria what-so-ever. The Sumerian plaque which is said to depict Her with owl-talons most likely is not Her at all. Lilith's name is actually a plural: LILOTH- which seems to be a Semetic form of the word Lilitu. The Demon-Goddess Lilith Herself seems to come from the Hebrew Captives in later Babylon, where they apparently combined the term "Lili" with the Babylonian Demoness "Lamashtu", who was described as stealing babies, and other various traits later related to Lilith. For more info on this, see Lilith in the Hebrew section.
MARTU: God of the Semites, or Amurru (Amorites), who were still nomadic, "barbaric" people at the time of Sumer. They later moved into the land of Sumer and conquered it....thus arose Babylonia.
MESLAMTAEA: One of the three underwold gods. These are not part of the Seven Dreaded Anunnaki, as they are children of Enlil and Ninlil. (See Ninazu and ????2).
MUSHDAMMA: In charge of active building. The Builder of Enlil.
NAMMU: The goddess who was the Primordial Waters.
NANNA: The Moon god. Father of Utu and Inanna, as well as all the other planets and stars. Son of Enlil and Ninlil. Enlil had raped Enlil and was sentenced to the Underworld for His crime. Ninlil, however, loved Him and followed Him downward. She gave birth to a number of Underworld Gods, but Enlil was able to remove Her from the underworld before she gave birth to Nanna. Nanna enters the land of the dead once a month (the New Moon) and judges the dead with his son Utu. Nanna travels the sky in a boat. He is long of beard and carries a wand of lapis lazuli in his palm.
NANSHE: Goddess in charge of Sea. Goddess of Justice. Judges Mankind on NewYears, with Nidaba at her side. Also interprets dreams for the gods.
NAZI: Married Nindar (see the eight children of Ki).
NEDU: See Neti.
NERGAL: King of the Underwold, the Ambusher. A god of pestilence. See Babylonia. He is a god of War and Mars, and therefore a Wandering God.
NETI: The gatekeeper of the first of seven gates to the underworld. I wonder if this is not one of the seven Chthonic Anunnaki... Also called Nedu.
NIDABA: This goddess was a serpent who was in charge of Temple record keeping. She is also the Goddess of Writing.
NINAZU: One of the three underworld deities. Child of Enlil and Ninlil (from the begetting of Nanna). (See Meslamtaea, and ????2)
NINGAL: Wife of Nanna.
NINHURSAG: See Ki.
NINISINNA: Goddess in charge of Healing and the art of Medicine.
NINKASI: The Goddess who sates the heart; meaning the goddess of intoxicating drink. (see the Eight Children of Ki).
NINKUR: Daughter of Enki and Ninsar. (from the myth of the 8 plants).
NINLIL: Enlil's wife. This Goddess followed Enlil to the underworld after he had been banished there by the Anunnaki for raping her. At this point she was pregnant with Nanna (from the rape). In the underworld she gave birth to the Three Underworld Deities and gave birth to Nanna after she made it back out.
NINSAR: Daughter of Enki and Ki. (from the myth of the 8 plants).
NINSHUBUR: Inanna's messenger. Possibly an Anunnaki?
NINSIKI: Enki's wife.
NINSUTU: Wife of Ninazu (see the Eight children of Ki).
NINTI: Queen of the Month (see the Eight children of Ki). Note: The part of Enki's body that was healed by this goddess was his rib. The Sumerian word for rib is "Ti". Therefore Nin-ti means "lady of the rib". On the other hand, the word "Ti" can also be translated as "to make live". Therefore, Ninti can also mean "lady who brings life". Later, as we all know, Eve was made from Adam's rib. The word Eve (heb.- Havah) also means "to make live". Perhaps, and most likely, the Hebrew myth of Adam's rib comes directly from this myth. However, something was lost in the translation, as Havah has no relation to the Hebrew word for rib.
NINTU: See Ki.
NINTUL: Lord of the city Magon (see the Eight children of Ki).
NINURTA: Hero of the Gods. God of the Stormy South Winds. Possible pre-cursur to Marduk. This god owned a weapon that was alive. This weapon, Sharur, for some reason, convenced Nunurta to destroy Asag. This he did. However, once Asag was gone, the Waters rose up and engulfed the Earth. Nothing could grow. So, Nunurta built a stone wall over Asag's body that stopped and held back the Waters. Then he took the Waters that had already engulfed the land and dumped them into the Euphrates. This caused the overflow of the Euphrates, and the land became abundant. Obviously, this is a myth relating to the yearly flooding of the river. Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ki. Also, as Ningirsu, brother of Nanshe. See Ninurta in Babylon.
NIMUG: Goddess given task by Enki at the time he organized the world, but we don't know what.
NUNGAL: Ereshkigal's daughter. Judge and protector of the Black Heads.
NUSKU: Messenger of Enlil.
SUMUGAN: Enki set him as lord of the steppe lands. He may be one of the Anunnaki, but there is at least one indication that he was created later.
UTU: The Sun God. As he travels through the underworld at night (making it daytime there), he judges the dead. Nanna, as he visits the underworld once each month (at the New Moon), also judges with his son. He travels the sky in a chariot drawn by four mythological beasts. He was set by Enki in charge of cities and bounderies, or (possibly) the entire universe. This would fit as he is the ruling deity just under Enki. Son of Nanna.
UTTU: Daughter of Enki and Ninkur. Goddess of plants and weaving. (from the myth of the 8 plants).
????: "Who loves fish" in charge of marshlands.
????2: One of the three underworld deities.. Child of Enlil and Ninlil (from the begetting of Nanna). (See Ninazu and Meslamtaea).
Hebraic: list does not include most Archangels and Angels. H = a Human.
H AARON: Aaron is another of the Seven Sheperds. He balances Moses (Netzach) as the other Sphere of Prophesy (Hod). Aaron is the brother of Moses.
H ABRAHAM: Abraham is one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He is the Mild, Watery (Chesed) aspect of the Four Legs. Abundant Love. Historically, it is said that Abraham may have been an Amorite who had settled in Sumer before Babylon (also Amorites) conquered it. He was the first to make a covenatnt with Yahweh (or possibly El of Canaan).
H ADAM: This is Adam after Eve was seperated from him. He is the Father of Mankind. (See Eve).
H ADAM KADMON: Adam Kadmon is not Primordial as it relates to "before creation". However, his creation marked the Primordial Man. He was both Male and Female in one being, not yet seperated into Adam and Eve.
- ADONAI: This means "Lord". However, the word itself is feminine in nature, thus making it similar in nature to Elohim: both male and female. Once again, this name could be thought of as the combined force of Yahweh and Asherah. This, too, is a very primordial name.
- ASHERAH: Asherah is listed here and with the Canaanites. She is the same Goddess, but seems to have been adopted by the Hebrews as the wife of Yahweh and the Manifest Shekinah. The Hebraic Goddess-force.
- ASMODEUS: This is the King of the Deamons. There are two types of deamon, the malevolent kind, and those who have accepted the Torah and live in indifference (at best) to man. Asmodeus is the king of these latter deamons, as the malevolent kind have no leader. Samael will often rally the malevolent deamons himself. Asmodeus is also the husband of the Younger Lilith.
- AURIEL: The Divine Avenger. In some instances, Auriel is seen as an Angel of Severity and Vengence. Otherwise, she is the Archangel of Earth. Supposedly one of the Seven, yet with her included there are eight.
- AZAZEL: An Archangel who descended to earth with Shemhazai. (See Shemhazai). He taught mortal woen the art of seduction and make-up. When he was told of the coming flood, he refused to repent. For this, he was cast into a pit and covered with darkness, to remain there until the final days.
- BEHEMOTH: This beast was set as the King of Beasts. At the "end" of Creation, he will be sent against Leviathan, and both Creatures will die in the battle. Behemoth will be fed to the pious along with Leviathan. H DAVID: David is one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He represents Divinity Manifested in that he is the Founder of the Kingship of Israel. (Malkuth).
- EHEIEH: This means "I am". It was the Name given to Moses at the scene of the burning bush. Basically, this name relates more to YHVH, a concept, than it does to Yahweh, a god.
- EL: This is another name for Yahweh, usually translated to mean "God". Undoubtedly this comes from the Canaanite High God El. This name is used in conjunction with the title Shaddai (heb.- Almighty), as well as Chai (heb.- Living). Example: Shaddai El Chai = Almighty Living God.
- ELOHIM: This means "Gods" and basically relates to a female force enfolded in a male force. Or, a Male God with the ability to Create like a female. This is because the root word here is "Goddess" (Eloah), and the pluaral "im" is masculine. Mythologically, this could be thought of as the combined force of the Seven Archangels as They Created the World in seven days. Elohim is the pronunciation of YHVH for Binah. It should be thought of as leaning more toward the feminine, and is actually a very primordial name. (See Yah).
H ESAU: Twin brother of Jacob who sold his brithright for a bowl of soup. Mythologically, he is the founder of Canaan before the Israelites arrived. He later became an Angel: the Guardian Angel of Edom.
H EVE: This is the second wife of Adam. She is the female half of Adam Kadmon after he was seperated and became Adam. Her name means "Life" and she is the Mother of Mankind. As a point of interest, see Ninti of Sumeria.
- GABRIEL: The Strength of Divinity. Gabrael is a Divine messenger and teacher. He (sometimes a she) is the benign Angel of Death, as well as the ArchAngel of Water. He is lord of the Ashim. One of the Seven.
- HANAEL: Divine Grace. The Archangel of Love and Passion. He is Lord of the Elohim. One of the Seven.
- HOKHMAH (TORAH): This Goddess' name means "Wisdom". It is said that she was created before all else. In fact, she took part in the dividing of the Primordial Waters (Prov. 8:23, 28). She is equated with the Torah, wich is said to have been created first, and is the embodiment of Wisdom to the Jewish people. (See Maat of the Egyptians).
H ISAAC: Isaac is one of the Seven Sheperds, and also one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He is the Fire to his father's Water. Strict Justice (Geburah). The myth of his near-sacrifice at the hand of Abraham was the injection of Divine Severity into Abraham's Mercy (see above). He is Abraham's son.
H JACOB: Jacob was the third Patriarch, and thus is the balancer of his predecessor Abraham (Chesed) and Isaac (Geburah). Mercy (Tiphareth). He is also one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot. He is the son of Isaac, and twin brother of Esau.
H JOSEPH: Joseph is one of the Seven Sheperds. He displays the ability to resist the sexual temptation of Yesode. This is displayed in the myth of the Egyptian woman's attempted seduction of him. He is the Keeper of the Covenant to the pure Yahwists. He is the son of Jacob who first went to Egypt and was responsible for the Hebrew presence there.
- KHAMAEL: This Archangel is the Archangel of Divine Severity, just as Samael. In fact, the two angels are one and the same. Classical Qabalah lists Samael as the leader of the Seraphim, but modern Qabalah has replaced the name with Khamael. Further, the Archangel Shemhazai, who hung himself between heaven and earth, is also Samael. This puts him in the perfect postion to fullfill his duties as the Porter of Heaven: Khamael, who resides at the very fringes of Heaven with hundreds of thousands of angels of destruction at his command. His purpose there is to keep intruders from entering the Heavens. He once attempted to stop Moses from entering, but was defeated by the Prophet. One of the Seven.
- LAILAH: This Goddess' name is Hebrew for "Night". It was the Darkness mentioned in Gen 1:2, and she was named by Yahweh in Gen 1:5.
- LEVANAH: The Moon (goddess).
- LEVIATHAN: This could very possibly be related to the ideas of Typhon, Lotan, Zu, and Asag; where it resembles the creation myth, yet is seperate there-from. In this myth, there are two Leviathan, a male and a female. Once these two beasts are created, to rule the seas, Yahweh decides against letting the female live. Yahweh fears that the offspring of these two great beasts would destroy the world. The female is thusly killed. At the "end" of Creation, the male Leviathan is going to be killed in a battle with Behemoth (the Angels having failed at the task), and his skin will be set as a canopy over the heads of the pious, while his meat is fed to them. Certainly, the relation to this myth and Tiamat's destruction, and the setting of half of her body as the Sky, can be easily seen. Interestingly, Leviathan is thought to be another name for the Canaanite Lotan (See Lotan).
H LILITH: First wife of Adam. She refused to bow down to him and left the Garden. She mated with daemons and became the patron Goddess of the Night and all it's creatures. Three Angels were sent to force Her to return to Adam, at pain of losing 100 of Her demon children every day. Still, She refused to return, and She swore Her revenge. Thus, She is traditionally said to be responsible for erotic dreams (as She is a succubus), as well as still-birth and crib-death. She is also said to have taken the form of the Serpent, and thus taking part in the Fall from Eden. She represnets the subconscious mind, that part of us that is most primal and sexual and defiant. She is the other half of the submissive Eve. There are two forms of Lilith, the Younger and the Elder. As the younger, she is the wife of Asmodeus (this being when she was in her cave mating with deamons). As the older, she is the wife of Samael (this being when she joined with him in bringing down Adam and Eve from the Garden.
It is generally believed that Lilith dates back to Sumeria. However, this is not the case. See the listing for "Lili" in the Sumerian section for more info.
- METETRON: The Prince of the Face. This was once the human Enoch, who was permited to ascend to Heaven without dieing. He was transformed into the ArchAngel with 360 eyes and 36 pairs of wings. His palace was set on high and his word was to be followed as if it were the voice of Yahweh HImself. Personally, I feel that Metetron and Yahweh are synonimous. Metetron is even known as the "Lesser YHVH", and one of his many names is Yahoel, which is Y, H, and V (transliterated as O) with "el" added to the end. Metetron is the lord of the Chaioth haQodesh.
- MICHAEL: The Protector of the Divine. He is the High Priest of Heaven and it's main guardian. Seen to be the Guardian Angel of Israel and all of humanity. He is the ArchAngel of Fire, and sometimes a benign Angel of Death. He is lord of the Malachim. One of the Seven.
H MOSES: Moses is one of the Seven Sheperds, relateing to Netzach. In the case of the Seven Sheperds, Netzach and Hod are Spheres of Prophesy. He is the prophet that lead the Exodus.
- RAHAB: This serpent is also much like Tiamat, more so than Tehom. He is described as an Archangel in Hebrew mythos.
- RAPHAEL: The Divine Physician. Self explanitory. Raphael is also the ArchAngel of Air. He is lord of the Beney Elohim. One of the Seven.
- RATZIEL: The Divine Scribe. There is a veil in Heaven that seperates the Divine Throne from the angelic hosts. Ratziel stands behind this veil and records all the goings on at the Merkabah into a book. This book, the ?????????, a book containing all the knowledge of heaven and earth, was given to Adam by Ratziel. The other angels, jealous, took the book and cast it into the sea. Yahweh, upon hearing of this transgression, ressurected Rahab to retrieve it for Adam. After this the book fades away. It resurfaces when it is given to Noah because it contains the instructions for the Ark. From there it passed down the family line until it reached Solomon. It is said that Solomon obtained all of his great Wisdom from this book. Another job of Ratziel is to stand before the Merkabah with outstretched wings, lest the breath of the Chaioth haQodesh consume all of the Heavens. He is Lord of the Auphanim. He is also listed as one of the seven, but with his inclusion, and Auriel's, there are nine.
- RUACH ELOHIM (SHEKINAH): Ruach Elohim is the Spirit of the Gods, and the Shekinah is the Presence of Divinity. Shekinah is also seen as a Goddess. (Gen 1:2)
- SAMAEL: The Poison of Divinity. Samael is the greatest of Angels (excepting Metetron HImself), with twelve wings as opposed to the normal six of the the other ArchAngels. He is the most beautiful angel. He is the main Angel of Death, and is the Archangel of Divine Severity. His angelic order is the Seraphim; the Firey Serpents sent to punish Israel for it's transgressions. He is also the husband of the elder Lilith. See also Khamael and Shemhazai; two other names for Samael. As Khamael, he is one of the seven.
- SANDALPHON: She is the twin of Metetron and the Archangel of Earth (as in the physical Universe, as opposed to the Element of Earth like Auriel). It is written that she descended to Earth as the male prophit Elijah as a guardian and protector. She is Ruler of the Kerubim. It is said that She stands at the foot of the Merkabah, and weaves prayers into garlands to rest on Yahweh's head.
- SHADDAI: See El.
- SHEKINAH: See Ruach Elohim.
- SHEMESH: The Sun (god).
- SHEMHAZAI: This Archangel, along with Azazel, descended with his angelic host before the flood to steer Man back onto the right path. This order of Angels became known as the Watchers. However, the angels soon fell prey to the same vices as man and began to take wives from the Cainite women. For sex, they would sell the secrets of Heaven to the women. They gave knowledge on everything from making weapons of war, to the Qabalah itself. The offspring of these unions are known as the Nephilim (giants), and were destructive giants that plagued mankind. Others even became the heroes of ancient times (such as Gilgamesh from Sumer). The Flood was then sent to destroy these giants. When told of the news, Shemhazai repented his deeds and hung himself, upside-down, between heaven and earth. To this day, he can be seen there as the consellation Orion. Shemhazai is actually a form of the Archangel Samael. Also see Khamael.
- TEHOM: This Goddess' name is Hebrew for "Deep". (Gen. 1:2). She is similar to the Babylonian Tiamat, yet is more along the lines of the Sumerian Nammu.
- TZADKIEL: Divine Justice. He is the Archangel of Divine Benevolence, and Lord of the Chashmalim. One of the Seven.
- TZAPHKIEL: Divine Contemplation. Lord of the Aralim. One of the Seven.
- UZZA: Archangel of Egypt.
- YAH: This, in Hebrew, is spelled "YH". This, esetoricaly, is the combination of the Y and H of YHVH. It is where the God and Goddess principals emerge from the Primordial Waters and mate. Literally, it is the Hebrew version of Babylon's Ea (spelled IA- A and H, just like I and Y, are interchangable in this context). It is the Name of Chockmah. In this, it should be thought of as leaning toward the masuline (as opposed to Elohim), and is a primordial name.
- YAHWEH: Yahweh is the God Force. Yahweh is also a War God, Storm God, and a Volcano Deity. The name Yahweh itself may be from the Sanscrit "YHVH", meaning "Ever-Flowing" and thus relates him to volcanic activity. After a short time, Yahweh became the National Deity of Isra-El, and was equated with El of Canaan. Along with this, He adopted Asherah (the wife of El) as His own wife. Also, the Hebrews seemed to have associated Yahweh with Baal, making the two gods (just as with El and Yahweh) nearly identical.
- YAM: Sea God.
- YHVH: as differenciated from Yahweh, who was not the only god to the early Hebrews. it is a formula to "sum up" the Ain (Nothingness)- or The One. The Face of Divinity.
- ZIZ SHADAI: This mighty beast is the King of Birds.
Hittite: B = Babylonian
ALALUS: Father of Anus. Anus removed him from the throne.
ANUS: Sky God. Removed his father Alalus from the throne, and was, himself, removed by his son Kumarbis. B = Anu.
ARINNA: Sun Goddess. She sent an Eagle out in search of Telepinus. The effort failed.
EA: He resides in the Apsu, just as he does in Babylonia. What he does in the Hittite pantheon I don't know. He is the one who decided on how to defeat Ulikummis, by using the copper knife that was "used to seperate heaven and earth". B.
ENLIL: Enlil also makes a guest appearance in the Ulikummis myth. He saw Ulikummis as a child and told the gods later, after the child had grown to it's great size, that they could not hope to defeat it.
HEBAT: Wife of Teshub.
HANNAHANNAS: Queen of Heaven. She urges Teshub to do something about Telepinus' disappearance. Teshub went as far as Telepinus' own door, where he banged on the door until he broke his hammer, and thus abandoned the quest.
ILLUYANKAS: A dragon slain by Teshub. There are two versions of this myth. In the old version, they two gods fight and Illuyankas wins. Teshub" then goes to Inaras for advice, and she devises a trap for the dragon. She goes to him with large quantities of liqure, and entices him to drink his fill. Once drunk, the dragon is bound, and Teshub appears with the other gods and kills him. In the later version, the two gods fight and Teshub, again, loses. Illuyankas then takes Teshub's eyes and heart. Teshub then has a son, who grows and marries Illuyankas' daughter. Teshub tells his son to ask for his eyes and heart as a wedding gift, and it is given. Restored, Teshub goes to face Illuyankas once more. At the point of vanquishing the dragon, Teshub's son finds out about the battle; realizing that he had been used for this purpose. He demaned that his father take him along with Illuyankas, and so Teshub killed them both.
illuyankas's daughter: See Illuyankas.
IMBALURIS: A messenger of Kumarbis.
INARAS: Goddess who set a trap for Illuyankas in the old version of the myth.
IRSIRRA DEITIES, THE: Either the "Maidens of Heaven" or else they are underworld deities.
ISHTAR: Only appears in Hittite myth in an attempt to lull Ulikummis by undressing and singing to him. Her attempt failed as the creature didn't see or hear her. B.
KAMRUSEPAS: Goddess of healing and magick. She calms and purified Telepinus upon his return.
KUMARBIS: The Hittlte High God (like El of the Canaanites), Father of the Gods. Removed his father, Anus, from the throne. In order to keep his son Teshub from removing him from the throne, he made Ulikummis to oppose him.
MUKISANUS: Vizier of Kumarbis.
sea goddess: Kumarbis went to this goddess for advice on how to stop Teshub from taking the throne. Her advice seems to have lead to the creation of Ulikummis.
SHAUSHKA: a Love Goddess.
teshub's son: See Illuyankas.
TELEPINUS: He is like Tammuz, a fertility god. He becomes enraged for reasons unknown and storms off into the stepp lands where he falls asleep. Draught and famine ensue. He was brought back by a Bee, after extensive searching by the gods had failed. Son of Teshub.
TESHUB: Ruler God (like Baal of the Canaanites), son of Kumarbis. He is also a sun God, and a fertility God. He carries a hammer as a weapon. He defeated Ulikummis with the help of Ea. When Kumarbis first attempted to remove his father, Anus, from the throne, he bit off the Anus' loins in the struggle. Thus, Anus' seed was implanted within Kumarbis and Teshub was born.
UBELLURIS: This deity is much like the Greek Atlas, who supports the world on his shoulders. Ulikummis was placed on his right shoulder by the Irsirra deities to grow tall and strong. Ubelluris didn't even notice the presence until Ea pointed it out to him.
ULIKUMMIS: Son of Kumarbis. He was made to oppose Teshub. There is also mention that he destoys some of mankind. However, he is actually described as being blind, deaf, and dumb; as well as immobile. He was made of stone and placed on Ubelluris' shoulder to grow. He grew until he reached heaven itself. When the gods found him, Ishtar removed her clothing and attempted to lull him with music, but he didn't see or hear her (as he was a blind and deaf creature). The gods attempted to destroy him, but had no affect (he didn't even notice). Finally, Ea called for the Copper Knife that had been used in the seperation of heaven and earth. He then used the blade to sever Ulikummis from Ubelluris' shoulder; lopping the creature off at the feet. Teshub was then able to destroy the creature totally. It is interesting to note that this god's name is the same as a pair of twin volcanic mountains in Asia Minor. This may explain why he is said to be destroying mankind, even in his seemingly catatonic state.